Conditional Clauses

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Transform the sentences so that you make the correct conditional sentence.

1 They had a lot of problems because they didn't deal with the matter properly.     If they __________________________.

2 I can't afford to rent this flat because my current salary is not as high as yours.     If my current salary _____________.

3 Sara din't have a chance to brush up her Spanish because she didn't go to Spain last summer.

   Sara _______________________________________.

4 You need to have an excellent command of English to get this job.     Unless ______________________________.

5 My brother's wildest dream is to win enough money in a lottery to go on a round-the-world trip.

   If my brother ______________________________________.

6 I didn't stay at your place longer because you didn't make me feel welcome.     I ____________________________.

7 She needs to pay the fine now in order not to be taken to court.     Unless _________________________________.

8 Tom would love to ask her out but he doesn't have her phone number.     If Tom _____________________________.

9 You can't pass your exams. You don't revise at all.     You _______________________________________________.

10 Whenever Dan goes to a party he is late.     If ________________________________________________________.


Translate into English.

1 Da sam na tvom mestu, rekla bih joj istinu.

2 Ako bude išla u grad, otići će u biblioteku.

3 Ne bih išla u školu da ne moram.

4 Došao bi na žurku da se osećao bolje.

5 Bavila bih se sportom da želim izgubiti na težini.

6 Neću doći ukoliko mi ne platiš kartu.

7 Dobila bih taj posao da bolje govorim francuski.

8 Došla bi na stanicu da je znala da dolaziš vozom.

9 Ako gledaš u sunce, bole te oči.

10 Posetio bi muzej da ima više vremena.


Put the words in brackets into the correct form .

1 If only we (have) a phone! I'm tired of queuing outside the public phone box.

2 I wish I (know) what is wrong with my car. It's not woking properly.

3 I wish you (not give) him my phone number. You did it without asking me.

4 If only he (know) then that the disease was curable! He could have been more careful.

5 If only I (be) insured! But I am not.

6 If only I (keep) my mouth shut! I said something which made matters worse.

7 I said 'Sunday'.  -  I wish you (not say) Sunday. We'll never be ready by then.

8 But I told you what to do.  -  I know you did. If only I (take) your advice!

9 That man has brought us nothing but trouble. I wish I never (set) eyes on him.

10 I wish I (not try) to repair it. I only made it worse.

Practice for the Second Written Assignement

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I   Complete the sentences using could, couldn't or was/were able to.

1 My grandfather was a very clever man. He _____ speak five languages.

2 I looked everywhere for the book but I _____ find it.

3 They didn't want to come with us at first but we _____ persuade them.

4 Laura had hurt her leg and _____ walk very well.

5 My grandmother loved music. She _____ play the piano very well.

6 I looked very carefully and I _____ see a figure in the distance.

II   Complete the sentences with must or have to in the correct form.

1 It's later than I thought. I _____ go now.

2 In Britain many children _____ wear uniform when they go to school.

3 When you come to London again, you _____ come and see us.

4 I'm sorry I couldn't come yesterday. I _____ work late.

5 You really _____ work harder if you want to pass the examination.

III   Complete the sentences with mustn't or don't/doesn't have to.

1 I don't want anyone to know. You _____ tell anyone.

2 He _____ wear a suit to work but he usually does.

3 I can stay in bed tomorrow morning because I _____ go to work.

4 Whatever you do, you _____ touch that switch. It's very dangerous.

5 There's a lift in the building, so we _____ climb the stairs.

IV   Translate the sentences.

1 Ne smemo zaboraviti tatin 50. rođendan sledećeg meseca.

2 Zakon kaže da ljudi moraju plaćati porez.

3 Svi bi trebalo da pročitaju If This Is a Man.

4 Ne moraš biti agresivan da bi postigao svoj cilj.

5 Moram ustati rano sutra. Ne bi trebalo da propustim prvi voz.

V   Choose the correct option.

1 Did you phone Ruth?   -   Oh no, I forgot. I phone/I'll phone her now.

2 I can't meet you tomorrow afternoon. I'm playing/I'll play tennis.

3 I meet/I'll meet you outside the hotel in half an hour, ok?   -   Yes, that's fine.

4 What time does your train leave/will your train leave tomorrow?

5 I asked Sue what happened but she doesn't tell/won't tell me.

6 Are you doing/Will you do anything tomorrow evening?    -   No, I'm free. Why?

7 Hello. Can I speak to Jim, please?   -   Just a moment. I'll get/I'm going to get him.

8 The weather's too nice to stay indoors. I'm going to sit/I'll sit in the garden.   -   That's a good idea. I think I'll join/I'm going to join you.

VI   Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use the words in capital letters.

1 It is certain that we won't be on time.   DEFINITELY   We _____ on time.

2 It is unlikely that he will help us.   WON'T   He _____ us.

3 I'll only join your organisation if you are serious.   UNLESS   I _____ you are serious.

4 I'll buy you a dog but you must take it for walks every day.   LONG   I'll buy you a dog _____every day.

5 He can sleep in the house but you must wash him first.   THAT   He can sleep in the house _____ first.

6 Immediately after I get up, the dog wants his breakfast.   AS   The dog wants his breakfast _____ up.


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Simple Past vs. Present Perfect

Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous

Present and Past Tenses - Non-Continuous Verbs

Past Simple, Past Perfect, Present Perfect

Past Simple vs. Past Continuous

Mixed Tenses

To begin with...

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I   Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.

1 Don't you think it's enough? You (write) text messages since lunchtime.

2 More and more students in my school (work) part-time.

3 I believe our son (understand) now how dangerous gangs can be.

4 We (definitely, live) longer 60 years from now.

5 Can you see that car? It (hit) the tree!

6 My classmates and I (work) on our class website for a month. I think we (finish) it soon.

7 I (drive) along Park Street at approximately 8.45 am on Saturday, when I (see) Mr Parker in a red Ford Fiesta.

8 I (read) this book for a month. I (read) 120 pages so far.

9 My mum (talk) to my teacher on the phone. I think I might be in trouble.

10 He (take) a nap when he (hear) a siren in front of his house.


II   Circle the correct words.

1 When we saw the weather forecast, we decided/had decided to go skiing.

2 I'm really tired. I was revising/revised all last night.

3 I think I'll buy/I'm buying a coat today.

4 Our cat is always washing it/itself.

5 John often would/used to forget things.

6 In the future we can/will be able to speak to animals.

7 She must/has to be at the office at 3 o'clock. Her boss wants to see her.

8 In his opinion boys and girls can/ought to study separately because they prefer different subjects.

9 This electronic tagging/service/fine is great. You can see exactly where the person wearing it is.

10 I was really ashamed when my mobile went up/off in the middle of the meeting with my boss.

11 If that cloud of dust blocks down/out sunlight, plants will die.

12 I think we lead very wasting/wasteful lifestyles: we buy things we don't really need.


III   Complete the missing word forms.

Noun Verb Adjective
  rehearse -
  confess -
  deter -
penalty   -
disaster -  
extinction -  
fashion -  
  - trendy


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Present Perfect Simple vs. Present Perfect Continuous

Modals of Ability

Modals of Obligation

Modal Verbs

Conditional Clauses Type 2